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The first scheduled flights to Bălţi started on 24 June 1926, on the route Bucharest – Galați – Chișinău – Bălţi – Hotin – Cernauti. The flights were operated by Compagnie Franco-Roumaine de Navigation Aérienne – CFRNA, later LARES and today TAROM.

Different locations of five runways in and around Bălţi historically resulted that airport facilities were periodically built in different part of Bălţi and its soirroundings.

The construction of the runway in the new location next to the village in Leadoveni (as it was called back in 1987 and later divided in Corlateni and Singureni, Corlateni corresponding to the area occupied today by the airport), on the outskirts of Bălţi, 9 km from its northern districts started in 80’s following an order of the USSR Marshal Sergey Akhromeyev, whereas construction of the airport infrastructure (including passenger and cargo terminals, hotel, air traffic control tower, extension of the trolleybus line from Bălți to BZY) was left to the local authorities.

The choice of the runway location was carefully made taking into consideration the advanced technical and engineer means and notably the direction of winds and absence of stable fog on location of Bălți International Airport. Contrary to other airports in Moldova, Bălți International Airport can be operated in any weather conditions. The runway of Bălți International Airport is located at an altitude of 231 meters, with surrounding hills as low as down to 100 meters.

The first technical flight on the new Bălți aerodrome was performed on 28 December 1987 on an AN-24 by representatives of a test commission of the Moldovan Civil Aviation Authority. On 31 October 1989, the authority established the conformity of the aviation light signals installed at BZY. On 22 February 1990, the State Design and Prospecting Research Institute for Civil Aviation “Aeroproject”[7] confirmed the pavement classification number and indicated the airplanes which may be operated at BZY with no restrictions : IL-18AN-12YAK-42TU-134. On 8 June 1990, BZY was certificated, confirming that airplanes of type TU-134, AN-24, YAK-40 and other types of airplanes of the III rd and IV thcategories may be freely operated at BZY, as well as any kinds of helicopters. On 31 May 1994, “Aeroproject” confirmed also capacity of BZY for operation of TU-154 (one plane per day) and IL-76T (50 planes per year with weight: 160 tons / 352,739.6 pounds).

After the official opening in late 1980s, BZY appears to have been operated by airplanes from Chișinău of the former Moldavian branch of the Soviet company Aeroflot. At that time, the airport was called Bălți-Leadoveni International Airport and became the most important airport in the north of Moldova. After the independence of Moldova in 1991, the airport was used by Air Moldova, the state company successor of the remaining airplanes of Aeroflot.

According to the former plans, it was planned to build two terminals, one for passenger and another for cargo service, as well as one control tower. Before the break-up of the USSR, the airport was connected, through direct flights, to almost 20 destinations in the former Soviet Union, including Moscow, Kiev, and Sochi.